How Synthetic Running Track Elevate Athlete Performance in Major Competitions?

Synthetic running tracks have completely changed the game in the world of athletics, especially in big competitions. These high-tech tracks make a huge difference in how well athletes can perform. In this article, we’ll explore why synthetic running track is so important in major competitions and dig into the factors that make them such a game-changer for athletes. We’ll also see how these tracks meet the strict requirements set by the World Athletics Association for top-tier competitions.

Factors Influencing Athlete Performance
Ground Contact Time

Some track surfaces, like softer clay and cinder tracks, can slow runners down by increasing the time their feet spend on the ground. This extended ground contact time affects speed and efficiency, ultimately impacting overall run times. Synthetic track, on the other hand, offers a consistent and smooth surface, reducing friction and helping athletes maintain optimal ground contact time, thus enhancing their performance.

Shock absorption

Running surfaces vary in their shock absorption. Softer ones absorb more shock, while firmer surfaces like concrete and asphalt absorb less. Synthetic running tracks excel in shock absorption, especially important in high-impact events like sprints and long jumps, reducing injury risk and fatigue for peak athlete performance.


The texture of a running track impacts athlete speed. Surfaces with more texture, like rough concrete and synthetic tracks, offer better grip. This enhanced grip enables runners to stabilize and push off faster, ultimately improving their run times. Synthetic running tracks provide consistent and controlled texture, ensuring athletes can confidently maintain traction, make precise turns, and enhance their performance.

How Synthetic Running Track Meet the Requirements of Large-Scale Competitions?

In major competitions, adhering to rigorous standards is paramount. The World Athletics Association sets specific requirements for tracks to ensure fair and safe competition. Synthetic tracks meet these requirements in the following aspects:


lt is obvious that serious surface imperfections, such as bubbles, fissures, delamination, uncured areas, etc., are unacceptable on grounds of safety and becauseof the effect they may have on durability and on dynamic performance of the surface. Wherever they occur, they must be rectified as a matter of priority. Synthetic running tracks are meticulously manufactured to have minimal imperfections, creating a consistent surface that eliminates unevenness and reduces the risk of accidents.


Stringent guidelines established by World Athletics aim to maintain a level playing field for athletes and ensure their safety. These standards require that the running surface is free from bumps exceeding 6mm under a 4m straightedge or 3mm under a 1m straightedge, as well as step-like irregularities over 1mm high. These regulations not only prioritize athlete safety but also prevent water accumulation on the track, which can lead to significant delays, causing disruptions in events, including televised international competitions, and creating challenges for athletes, officials, and spectators alike.

Synthetic running tracks meet the standards of evenness through precise manufacturing and installation processes. These tracks are meticulously crafted to ensure that there are no uneven spots or irregularities on the surface that could impede athletes or provide an unfair advantage. The materials used, along with the manufacturing techniques and installation process, are under strict quality control to guarantee that the track meets the required evenness standards set by organizations like World Athletics. This thorough attention to detail results in a running surface that provides athletes with a fair and reliable platform for their performance.


The thickness of a synthetic track is crucial for its durability and athlete safety, particularly in handling mechanical wear from spiked footwear. If rules allow athletes to use longer spikes, the track must have adequate thickness to accommodate these spikes, along with additional thickness for wear and weathering, to maintain its integrity and safety standards.

Synthetic running tracks meet the standards of thickness by adhering to precise specifications during the manufacturing and installation processes. The materials used in synthetic tracks are measured and applied according to the required thickness standards set by regulatory bodies like World Athletics. This meticulous attention to thickness ensures that synthetic tracks not only meet but consistently maintain the necessary thickness levels, providing athletes with a track that meets performance and safety requirements.

Vertical deformation (VD)

The interaction between athletes and the track significantly impacts performance and safety. The track’s ability to deform under the athlete’s weight is vital. Excessive deformation wastes energy and hampers performance, while too little deformation can lead to high impact forces and potential injuries. Striking the right balance is crucial. Additionally, the track’s deformation varies with temperature, and World Athletics prescribes a range of vertical deformation values (0.6mm to 2.5mm) between 10°C and 40°C. Temperature correction and variations in thickness are considered to maintain performance within this range.

To achieve the desired vertical deformation characteristics, the synthetic track’s composition and thickness are engineered to respond to the athlete’s impact forces while maintaining the required deformation values. This meticulous approach ensures that synthetic running tracks consistently meet the World Athletics standards for vertical deformation, contributing to athlete safety and performance during competitions.


An athletics track must provide consistent grip between the surface and the athlete’s foot, whether it’s wet or dry. Achieving the right level of friction is done by adding texture to the track’s surface. It’s important to note that friction involves both the surface and the athlete’s footwear. World Athletics requires a minimum dynamic friction coefficient of 0.5 under wet conditions. Synthetic track surfaces naturally offer better grip when dry, so specifying a minimum for wet conditions ensures adequate traction in all situations.

Synthetic running tracks excel in meeting friction standards and outperform other running track surfaces due to their meticulously engineered texture and composition. The advantage of synthetic tracks lies in their ability to consistently provide athletes with a uniform level of grip, ensuring reliable traction even under varying weather conditions, ultimately enhancing safety and performance during competitions.

Trust the Synthetic Running Track at Huadong Track

As a prefabricated athletic rubber track manufacturer with more than 30 years of experience, Huadong Track has strong technical development capabilities and first-class inspection and testing equipment. Our track has been used in many large-scale track and field competitions, such as 2014 Korea Incheon Asia Game Main Stadium, Sochi Winter Olympic Games. This means that our track can indeed meet the requirements for the track of the large-scale competitions mentioned in this article.

In addition, Huadongtrack gained various industry-related certifications such as the World Athletic Product Certificate, The China Athletic Associate Class Product Certificate, European en 14877, The Green-guard Gold Class Certificate, CQTA quality certification, and so on. It can be seen that we are indeed very advantageous in technology and product quality.

If you are looking for a track manufacturer, Huadong Track will also be a good choice for you. Feel free to contact us for a quote!


In major competitions, the role of synthetic sports tracks in enhancing athlete performance cannot be overstated. Ground Contact Time, Shock Absorption, and Texture are critical factors that impact how athletes perform on these tracks. Synthetic tracks not only offer advantages in these areas but also meet the stringent requirements set by the World Athletics Association, guaranteeing fair and safe competitions. As technology continues to advance, synthetic tracks will likely play an even more significant role in shaping the future of athletics on a global stage.





Huadong Holding Group, a famous rubber products manufacturer in China, was founded on 1988.


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